The elbow joint is a joint formed by the upper arm bone called “humerus” and the forearm bones called “ulna” and “radius”. These joints work in harmony because of their anatomical structures. However, some movements of the joint are also limited accordingly. But, it is the ligaments around the joint that keep the joint stable.
The soft tissue around the elbow joint is very thin. Therefore, it is open to external impacts and injuries. In addition, back and side strains of the joint are also common injuries. The most common problems are diseases caused by excessive use or strain.
Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)
As the name implies, it is a common condition in tennis players. But in fact, it can be seen in many other situations, including daily activities. It is frequently seen in many sports such as squash, table tennis, badmington, cycling, arm wrestling. Besides, it can also be seen in many professions such as needleworkers, electricians, carpenters.
The main problem is the reaction that occurs at the attachment of the muscles on the outside of the elbow by performing a certain movement in a repetitive and compelling way. Severe pain is felt on the outside of the elbow. Even one cannot work with her/his hand. It may even become impossible to carry anything.
Treatment includes resting the elbow, pain relievers, applying ice, using an elbow brace, physiotherapy, and corticosteroid injections.
Rarely, surgical treatment is required.
Golfer’s Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis)
Similar to tennis elbow, pain occurs at the attachment point of the muscles in the inner part of the elbow by performing a certain movement in a repetitive and compelling way.
Complaints and treatment are the same as for tennis elbow. In contrast, the pain is felt on the inside of the elbow.
Thrower’s Elbow (Little League Elbow Syndrome)
It occurs as a result of compelling and repetitive movements characterized by forcing the inner part of the elbow to open. It is seen in childhood. Growth on the inside of the elbow can result in the detachment of its cartilage.
Treatment consists of resting the elbow, pain relievers, applying ice, using an elbow brace, and physiotherapy.